状语,状语总结

接下来跟我一起剖析解决这些问题吧!

(一)什么是状语?

1,概念:状语是阐明动作或状况特点的成分。

看了概念还是觉得抽象、不懂得?没关系;来!先看下状语对应的英文单词adverbial,是不是感到很熟习?似曾相识;记单词时候我们经常会看到adv.(它是副词adverb的缩写)。所以状语adverbial和副词adverb之间接洽紧密。副词这类词在句子中所充任的句子成分其实就是状语。这样一看是不是明朗多了!

副词咱们比拟熟习,只要弄清楚了副词的作用,状语的功效也就一目了然了。那么副词都有哪些功效呢?接下来我们看几个例句。

例1:He works hard. 他工作尽力。

(副词“尽力地”作“状语”,用来润饰“动词”“工作”)

例2:He works very hard. 他工作非常尽力。

(副词“非常”作状语,用来润饰“副词”“尽力地”的水平)

例3:He is very smart. 他非常聪慧。

(副词“非常”作状语,用来润饰“形容词”“聪慧的”的水平)

例4: Unluckily, he didn't pass the exam. 很不幸,他没通过测验。

(副词“不幸地”作状语,用来润饰“全部句子”)

通过例句可以看出副词/状语的功效有四:润饰动词、形容词、其他副词、句子。

2,分类:因为副词的种类很多,因此状语分类也比拟多。依照用处作用常见的状语可分为11种:

1, 时光状语: I watched TV last night.

2, 地点状语: They are playing football on the playground.

3, 原因状语: He was sent to prison for robbery.

4, 成果状语: The stone is too heavy for me to lift.

5, 条件状语: I can't live without you, my baby!

6, 妥协状语: With all his efforts, he lost the game.

7, 目标状语: I joined you to learn grammar.

8, 方法状语: I study grammar via the internet.

9, 水平状语: I like grammar very much.

10, 随同状语: She said goodbye with tears in her eyes.

11, 方面状语: I do well in English grammar. Follow us now!

(二)哪些词/构造可以充任状语?

1, They are playing football on the playground. (介词短语)

2, Eve works hard. (副词)

3, The students followed Uncle Wang to see the other machine. (不定式短语)

4, His parents died, leaving him an orphan. (现在分词短语)

5, Moved by the movie, the audience began to cry.(过去分词短语)

6, He began to learn English when he was eleven. (状语从句)

(三)状语的地位在哪里?

状语的地位机动多变,不同的状语分辨可以放到句首、句中和句末。

(四)学状语的意义是什么?

一,状语最主要的功效是润饰和限定动词,所以学会了状语用法可以让动词表示得更加具体形象。

二,懂得熟习了状语可认为写作润饰。不同的词或构造作状语可使文章显得句式丰盛多彩。

三,控制状语,也能很大水平晋升你的浏览懂得和速度。

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